Department of the Nazi Occupation and Building of Socialism
The department´s research efforts focus on the period of two regimes in the Czechoslovak history, both of which were characterized by totalitarian control of the society. The combination of research of the German occupation and study of the subsequent establishment of the Communist system in its Stalinist form reflects, inter alia, today´s approach to research, in which the post-war period is increasingly examined in the context of war experiences and which is based on consciously going beyond traditional chronological milestones. The department is engaged in basic historiographic research of Czechoslovak history within the period framework of the formation and maintenance of the so-called Eastern Bloc. The research is approached in an interdisciplinary manner, attempting to make use of a broad range of methods of social research. It is not limited to traditional historical methods, but uses a number of other impulses from related scientific disciplines, striving for a connection and confrontation of its results with today´s international studies of societies under a totalitarian pressure.
Research activities subsequently focus primarily on topics of social changes and mental shifts in the context of WWII and the post-war onset of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, concentrating both on “bottom-up” and “top-down” shifts and transformations, with an emphasis on the phenomenon of power, or ruling. The basic feature is a strengthening of the topic of the society and its evolution, with an accent on the examination of forms of liquidation of democratic structures of the society and impacts of ideology on the real life of people. Outputs of the research include both synthetic works on key themes (history of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, history of social changes brought about by WWII, Czechoslovakia during the Cold War) and probes into more specific topics and phenomena which are nevertheless important for the society (members of Spanish international brigades in wartime and post-war events, life of people in the so-called border zone, education toward the Marxist-Leninist opinion, cadre policy and maintenance of the power monopoly of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, or historical and legal context of post-war developments in the field of ownership and property titles etc.).
head: Cuhra Jaroslav
Březina Vladimír, Čapková Kateřina, Černá Marie, Devátá Markéta, Drápala Milan, Hermann Tomáš, Kijek Kamil, Kocian Jiří, Kokoška Stanislav, Kolenovská Daniela, Kourová Pavlína, Kovařík David, Maršálek Zdenko, Mlynář Jakub, Pernes Jiří, Sedlická Magdalena, Smetana Vít, Sovilj Milan, Stach Stephan